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Posted by / 12-Sep-2019 10:49

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The researches concerning aboriginal food sources have been coupled witli other studies in native economics, including those pertaining to textiles used for clothing, birch bark used for canoes and habitations, the making of baskets, etc.

In most cases the immediate aim was to record the primitive customs and crafts as a contribution to knowledge ot a passing race, but the investigations have reached the stage of yielding useful lessons to the superior race.

The organization of the work, which is slightly modified by the applications herein set forth, may be defined as follows: (1) Physical characteristics (including the demography of the native tribes), or somatology; (2) mental characteristics, or psychology; (3) arts (including games, sports, etc.), or esthe- tology; (4) industries (including economics), or technology; (5) laws, or sociology; (6) languages, or philology; and (7) myths (together with attendant ceremonies and other observ ances), or sophiology.

The success of the abo riginal husbandman in this region was partly due to a system of irrigation so satisfactory that modern farmers often profit by the prehistoric ditches; yet his chief advantages grew out of a more economical adjustment between labor and prod uce, including crops now neglected.Now that the system has assumed definite form, it affords a foundation not only for future researches, but for applying the principles of ethnology to practical questions.Accordingly, the work of the year was gradually turned toward lines bearing directly on questions of public interest. LANCJLEY, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. 272259 -5* C N T E N T S REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR Pae Introduction ix Scope of the work i x Field research and exploration x iv Office research xvm Work in somatology xvm \Vork in psychology xx Work in esthetology xxn Work in technology xxvi Work in sociology xxxii Work in philology x x x i v Work in sophiology x x x v 1 1 1 Descriptive ethnology XL Collections xi.i Property x i.i Publications xi.n Financial statement x 1,1 v Accompanying paper ACCOMPANYING PAPER The Xuiii Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Societies, and Ceremonies by Matilda Coxe Stevenson (Plates i-cxxix, figures 1-34) 1 v REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR VII TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT OK TIIK BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY J. POWELL, DIRECTOR INTRODUCTION Ethnologic researches have been conducted by the Bureau of American Ethnology during the fiscal year ending June 30.SCOPE OF THE WORK The researches of the year were conducted in accordance with an ethnic system set forth in earlier reports.

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