No matter what the cause, the effects of this rapid decline were devastating and resulted in what we consider to be the Greek Dark Ages when population declined dramatically, major cities ceased to exist, and literacy disappeared for the next three hundred years.Many of the legends of Ancient Greece have their origin, and refer to the this late Bronze Age Era we call "Mycenaean".
It is located in the region of Argolis, between Argos and Nafplion.
The vast majority of the funerary artifacts unearthed (beginning with Heinrich Schliemann's excavations on the site) are made of precious metals, such as gold, silver, and bronze, as well as precious stones and crystals like lapis lazuli which originated in central Asia.
They traded mainly oil and ceramic vessels and imported "Anatolian or Caucasian tin and Syrian ivory" (Vermeule, 255).
Mycenae (Μυκήνες) is one of the most important archaeological sites of Greece.
The fortified citadel is nested over the fertile plain of Argolis near the seashore in the northeast Peloponnese.
Ancient Mycenae is one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Greece. Dating from the Late Bronze Era, this was the kingdom of the legendary king Agamemnon, leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War.